An IQ score stands for Intelligence Quotient score, which is a numerical measure of a person's cognitive abilities relative to the general population. It is derived from standardized tests designed to assess various aspects of intelligence, such as verbal and nonverbal reasoning, memory, and problem-solving skills.
Typically, IQ scores are expressed as a single number and are standardized so that the average score is 100, with a standard deviation of 15 points. This means that approximately 68% of the population score between 85 and 115. Higher scores indicate higher levels of cognitive ability relative to the general population, while lower scores indicate lower levels of cognitive ability.
It is important to keep in mind that IQ scores are just one measure of intelligence and should not be used as the sole determinant of a person's worth or potential. Many other factors, such as creativity, emotional intelligence, and practical skills, also contribute to a person's overall abilities and success in life.